Justin Martyr

        Justin Martyr was the foremost apologist of the second century.  He was born around  100 AD in Flavia Neapolis, which is near the ancient Biblical city of Shechem, in Samaria.  He died approximately 165 AD.  Justin’s parents were pagans.  Justin tried many philosophies before becoming a Christian.  These philosophies never fulfilled him or […]

Revelation 3:14-22

This is a part of our breakdown series for Revelation 3:14-22. We are dealing here with the Lukewarm as I have found it to be critical to consider what it means and how easy it is to use this doctrine as justification to destroy lives as opposed to saving souls. “To the angel of the […]


        Tertullian was an early church father who lived in the second century from approximately 160-225 AD.  Tertullian was very educated.  His education included literary, rhetorical and legal training as well as training in Greek and Latin.  Tradition says that he was raised in Carthage.  He is thought to be the son of a […]


      Little is known of his early life but, Ignatius was a Bishop of Antioch and a student of the apostle John.  He was born approximately 35 AD.  He also was called Theophorus, which means, God bearer.  He was arrested in Syria, transported to Rome and sentenced to die in the coliseum, to be eaten […]

Mark 5

Psalms 51:17 “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, Oh God, thou wilt not despise.” The accuracy of the chronology of scripture is suspect. We cannot assume that based on the placement of the chapter it literally follows the events in the previous chapter. The Gospels are full of […]

Revelation 3:7-13 Philadelphia

Revelation 3:7-13 Philadelphia The epistle to the church in Philadelphia is the second included in the Revelation that does not include a rebuke. This church was dear to God’s heart. The city of Philadelphia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159-138 B.C.). The king of Pergamum called it Philadelphus in devotion to his brother Eumenes. […]

The synagogue of satan

The epistles of Ignatius to the Smyrnians and the Philadelphians are loaded with doctrine, encouragement and mentoring. He was an amazing man of God, used mightily for edifying the church throughout the Romans Empire. He was martyred no later than 15 A.D. and I am of the opinion that he was used by God to […]

Revelation 3:1-6 Sardis

Revelation 3:1-6 The Church of Sardis The fifth church that Jesus Christ addresses is the church of Sardis. This city was a pretty important one, at one time the capital of Lydia. This city was known for their fruit, jewelry, textile industries and incredible wealth making it one of the most prominent cities in the […]

Clement of Rome

      Clement appears as an important figure in the early church.  He was a bishop of Rome but where in the line of successors to Peter is up to debate.  He has been put immediately after Peter and sometimes 3rd after Peter.  Eusebius and Irenaeus have him as 3rd after Peter.  Tertulian has him immediately […]

Revelation 2:18-29 Thyatira

Thyatira (modern-day Turkey) was a city known for its trade guild and dye industry. It was a key defensive city during the battles between Alexander the Great’s successors. Not much would change when the Romans took over. Throughout its history it has been a place reinforced with soldiers for battle. There is not much that […]